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  • LINUX

    LINUX:In 1969 AT&T made a decision to withdraw Multics and go with GECOS (General Electric Comprehensive Operating Supervisor / System), with AT & T in Bells Lab when Multics was withdrawn some of the programmers named Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie decided to rewrite operating system in order to support low cost computer..To Know More

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  • MICROSOFT

    MICROSOFT:Microsoft was established to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. It rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s,followed by the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. To Know More

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  • CISCO

    CISCO:During the early 1980s, there was a married couple namely Len and Sandy Bosack who used to work in two different departments of computer located in Stanford University. This couple was facing problem in making their computers communicate with each other To Know More

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Installing and Configuring SSL under Windows

Installing and Configuring SSL under Windows

Installing and Configuring SSL under Windows require the following Three steps.

1. Check the system and software requirement

2. Setting Up Digital Certificates for SSL under Windows

3. Converting between PEM and DER File Formats for SSL

 

SSL under Windows: System and Software Requirements

 
The system and software requirements for using SSL under the Windows operating environment are as follows:
  • a computer that runs Windows 2000 (or later). 

  • depending on your configuration, access to the Internet and a Web browser such as Netscape Navigator or Internet Explorer.

  • the TCP/IP communications access method.

  • Microsoft Certificate Services add-on software.

  • if you will run your own CA, the Microsoft Certification Authority application (which is accessible from your Web browser).

  • for SAS/CONNECT, a client session that runs on a computer that has a Trusted CA Certificate. This is necessary in order for a SAS/CONNECT client session to connect to a SAS/CONNECT server session via a Windows spawner using SSL encryption.
    The Windows spawner must run on a computer that has a Trusted CA Certificate and a Personal Certificate. 

  • knowledge of your site's security policy, practices, and technology. The properties of the digital certificates that you request will depend on the security policies that have been adopted at your site.


 Step 1. Configure SSL

Complete information about configuring your Windows operating environment for SSL is contained in the Windows installation documentation and at www.microsoft.com.
The following keywords might be helpful when searching the Microsoft Web site:

Request a Digital Certificate from a Certification Authority That Is Not Microsoft

Users should perform the following tasks to request digital certificates that are not issued by the Microsoft CA:

  1. Request a digital certificate from a CA.

  2. Import the digital certificate to a Certificate Store by using the Certificate Manager Import wizard application from a Web browser.
    A digital certificate can be generated by using the Certificate Request wizard or any third-party application that generates digital certificates.
    Note:   The Windows operating environment can import digital certificates that were generated in the UNIX operating environment. To convert from UNIX (PEM format) to Windows (DER format) before importing, see Converting between PEM and DER File Formats for SSL.  [cautionend]
For details about importing existing digital certificates, see Import a Digital Certificate to a Certificate Store.

Import a Digital Certificate to a Certificate Store

Digital certificates that were issued by a Certification Authority that is not Microsoft can be imported to an appropriate Certificate Store as follows:
Certificate Type Certificate Storage Location
Client Personal Certificate Store
Server Personal Certificate Store
CA (self-signed) Trusted Root Certification Authorities
Perform the following tasks to import a digital certificate to a Certificate Store:

  1. Access the Certificate Manager Import wizard application from your Web browser.
    From the Tools drop-down menu, select Internet Options.
    Then select the Content tab, and click Certificates.
    Specify the digital certificate to import to a Certificate Store by selecting the Personal tab in the Certificates window, as shown in Digital Certificate Selections for a Personal Certificate Store.
    Digital Certificate Selections for a Personal Certificate Store
     








    [Digital Certificate Selections for a Personal Certificate Store]
  2.   Click Import and follow the instructions to import digital certificates.
    Repeat this task in order to import the necessary digital certificates for the CA, the server, and the client, as appropriate.

  3. After you have completed the selections for your personal Certificate Store, select the appropriate tab to view your selections.

  4. To view the details about a digital certificate, select the digital certificate and click View. Typical results are shown in Digital Certificate Details Tab.

    Digital Certificate Details Tab
     
    [Digital Certificate Details Tab]


Converting between PEM and DER File Formats for SSL


 



 By default, OpenSSL files are created in Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) format. SSL files that are created in Windows operating environments are created in Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER) format.


Under Windows, you can import a file that is created in either PEM or DER format. However, a digital certificate that is created in DER format must be converted to PEM format before it can be included in a trust list under UNIX.

Here is an example of converting a server digital certificate from PEM input format to DER output format:

OpenSSL> x509 -inform PEM -outform DER -in server.pem -out server.der
 
Here is an example of converting a server digital certificate from DER input format to PEM output format :

OpenSSL> x509 -inform DER -outform PEM -in server.der -out server.pem



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